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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mobilizing store Ca(2+) in the presence of La(3+) evokes exocytosis in bovine chromaffin cells.

The effect on exocytosis of La(3+), a known inhibitor of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPases and Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchangers, was studied using cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. At high concentrations (0.3-3 mM), La(3+) substantially increased histamine-induced catecholamine secretion. This action was mimicked by other lanthanide ions (Nd(3+), Eu(3+), Gd(3+), and Tb(3+)), but not several divalent cations. In the presence of La(3+), the secretory response to histamine became independent of extracellular Ca(2+). La(3+) enhanced secretion evoked by other agents that mobilize intracellular Ca(2+) stores (angiotensin II, bradykinin, caffeine, and thapsigargin), but not that due to passive depolarization with 20 mM K(+). La(3+) still enhanced histamine-induced secretion in the presence of the nonselective inhibitors of Ca(2+)-permeant channels SKF96365 and Cd(2+), but the enhancement was abolished by prior depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores with thapsigargin. La(3+) inhibited (45)Ca(2+) efflux from preloaded chromaffin cells in the presence or absence of Na(+). It also enhanced and prolonged the rise in cytosolic [Ca(2+)] measured with fura-2 during mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) stores with histamine in Ca(2+)-free buffer. The results suggest that the efficacy of intracellular Ca(2+) stores in evoking exocytosis is enhanced dramatically by inhibiting Ca(2+) efflux from the cell.[1]


  1. Mobilizing store Ca(2+) in the presence of La(3+) evokes exocytosis in bovine chromaffin cells. Marley, P.D., Bales, P.J., Zerbes, M., Powis, D.A., O'Farrell, M. J. Neurochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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