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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tbt-1, a new T-box transcription factor induced in activated Th1 and CD8+ T cells.

Differentiation of CD4+ T cells into T helper ( Th) 1 or Th2 cells requires the cytokines interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-4, respectively. However, transcription factors that regulate expression of Th1 or Th2 cell-specific genes remain largely unclear. In the present study, a new Th1-specific transcription factor, named Tbt-1 (T-box protein expressed in T lymphocytes), was identified. Tbt-1 is a novel member of the T-box family, which is characterized by a conserved T-box DNA-binding domain. Unlike other known T-box proteins that regulate embryo development and organogenesis, Tbt-1 expression is restricted to adult lymphoid organs. Tbt-1 mRNA is only detected in peripheral lymphoid tissues such as spleen, lymph nodes, and blood leukocytes, but not in thymus or bone marrow. Tbt-1 mRNA is not detected in resting T cells but is strongly induced in differentiating Thl cells and CD8+ cytotoxic effector cells. In contrast, Tbt-1 expression was not observed in the entire process of Th2 cell differentiation. In addition, phylogenetic analyses indicate that Tbt-1 co-evolved with adaptive immune responses. Thus, Tbt-1 is the first T-box transcription factor shown to be specific for Th1 cell differentiation.[1]


  1. Tbt-1, a new T-box transcription factor induced in activated Th1 and CD8+ T cells. Shier, P., Hofstra, C.L., Ma, X.J., Wu, Y., Ngo, K., Fung-Leung, W.P. Immunogenetics (2000) [Pubmed]
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