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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The CB(1) cannabinoid receptor is coupled to the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase.

Cannabinoids exert most of their effects through the CB(1) receptor. This G-protein-coupled receptor has been shown to be functionally coupled to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, modulation of ion channels, and activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase. Using Chinese hamster ovary cells stably transfected with the CB(1) receptor cDNA, we show here that Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major active component of marijuana, induces the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Western blot analysis showed that both JNK-1 and JNK-2 were stimulated by THC. The effect of THC was also exerted by endogenous cannabinoids (anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol) and synthetic cannabinoids (CP-55,940, HU-210, and methanandamide), and was prevented by the selective CB(1) antagonist SR141716. Pertussis toxin, wortmannin, and a Ras farnesyltransferase inhibitor peptide blocked, whereas mastoparan mimicked, the CB(1) receptor-evoked activation of JNK, supporting the involvement of a G(i)/G(o)-protein, phosphoinositide 3'-kinase and Ras. THC-induced JNK stimulation was prevented by tyrphostin AG1296, pointing to the implication of platelet-derived growth factor receptor transactivation, and was independent of ceramide generation. Experiments performed with several types of neural cells that endogenously express the CB(1) receptor suggested that long-term JNK activation may be involved in THC-induced cell death. The CB(1) cannabinoid receptor was also shown to be coupled to the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Data indicate that activation of JNK and p38 mitogen- activated protein kinase may be responsible for some of the cellular responses elicited by the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor.[1]


  1. The CB(1) cannabinoid receptor is coupled to the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase. Rueda, D., Galve-Roperh, I., Haro, A., Guzmán, M. Mol. Pharmacol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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