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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of LH pulse frequency in ACTH-induced ovarian follicular cysts in heifers.

The aim of the present study was to induce ovarian cysts experimentally in cattle using ACTH and to closely examine the role of LH pulse frequency in ovarian cyst formation. Five regularly cycling Holstein-Friesian heifers (15-18-month-old) were used. Ovaries were scanned daily using an ultrasound scanner with a 7.5 MHz rectal transducer. Daily blood samples were obtained via tail venepuncture for hormone analyses. Additional blood samples (for FSH and LH pulses) were obtained through an indwelling jugular vein catheters every 15 min for 8 h on Days 2 (early luteal phase; ELP), 12 (mid-luteal phase; MLP) and 19 (follicular phase; FP) of control estrous cycle and on alternate days during follicular cyst (FC) formation and persistence. Cysts were induced using subcutaneous injections of ACTH (Cortrosyn) Z; 1 mg) every 12 h for 7 days beginning on Day 15 of the subsequent estrous cycle. Plasma concentrations of progesterone (P4), estradiol-17beta, FSH and LH were determined by double antibody radioimmunoassay while cortisol concentration was determined by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Ovarian follicular and endocrine dynamics were normal during the control estrous cycles. Ovarian follicular cysts were induced in four of the five heifers. Mean maximum size of cysts was larger (P<0.05) than that of ovulatory follicles (26.78+/-3.65 versus 14.1+/-0.90 mm), respectively. Cortisol levels were increased during ACTH treatment. High concentrations of estradiol and low progesterone were observed after cyst formation. LH pulse frequency was significantly reduced (P<0.05) during cyst formation and persistence compared to ELP (7.5+/-0.75) and FP (6.5+/-0.58), but was not significantly (P=0.23) different from MLP (2.8+/-0.29) pulses. Mean LH pulse amplitude and concentrations were not different. Similarly, the mean pulse frequency, amplitude and concentration of FSH were not different between control study and cystic heifers. These results suggest that the LH pulse frequency observed following ACTH treatment may interact with high estradiol concentration to induce ovarian cyst formation in heifers.[1]


  1. The role of LH pulse frequency in ACTH-induced ovarian follicular cysts in heifers. Ribadu, A.Y., Nakada, K., Moriyoshi, M., Zhang, W.C., Tanaka, Y., Nakao, T. Anim. Reprod. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
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