The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

SIK (Salt-inducible kinase): regulation of ACTH-mediated steroidogenic gene expression and nuclear/cytosol redistribution.

Possible involvement of salt-inducible kinase ( SIK), a serine/threonine protein kinase first cloned from high K+-diet treated rat adrenal glands, in the regulation of steroidogenesis was investigated. Y-1 cells, when treated with ACTH, underwent a rapid change in SIK's mRNA content. It reached the maximum within a few hours and returned to the base after 8 h. In contrast, the levels of mRNAs for CYP11A and StAR protein reached the maxima after 8 h. The SIK's mRNA induction failed to occur in ACTH-, forskolin- or 8-Br-cAMP-treated Kin-7 cells, a mutant cell line of Y-1 with defective cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). Y-1 cells that overexpress SIK, when treated with ACTH, had significantly repressed levels of mRNAs for CYP11A and StAR protein. Therefore, SIK might have a negative effect on the CYP11A- and StAR protein-gene expression in the early phase of ACTH-mediated steroidogenesis. To further explore the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we examined intracellular distribution of the green fluorescence protein (GFP)-tagged SIK. When GFP- SIK was introduced into HeLa cells, the fluorescent signals were detected in the nucleus. In Y-1 cells GFP- SIK was detected both in the nucleus and cytosol, and the signal in the former moved to the latter after ACTH-treatment. The nuclear/cytosol re-distribution of GFP- SIK was also observed in forskolin- or 8-Br-cAMP-treated Y-1 cells, but not in Kin-7 cells. These results suggest that the intracellular re-distribution of SIK in Y-1 cells may depend on the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway and has an important regulatory role in the ACTH-mediated steroidogenic gene expression.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities