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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the expression of carbohydrate digestion/absorption-related genes.

To explore the underlying molecular mechanism whereby nutrients modulate the expression of intestinal digestion/absorption-related genes, we have cloned the 5' flanking regions of two representing disaccharidase genes, i.e. sucrase-isomaltase ( SI) and lactase-phlorizin hydrolase ( LPH), and investigated whether the binding activity of putative common nuclear factor(s) binding to the cis-elements located in these regions is altered by dietary manipulations. Oro-gastric feeding of a sucrose-containing diet to rats caused parallel increases in SI mRNA and LPH mRNA levels within 3 h. Among the monosaccharides tested, fructose gave rise to the most prominent increase in the mRNA levels of SI and LPH genes, which were accompanied by a coordinate rise in the mRNA levels of two microvillar hexose transporters, i.e. SGLT1 and GLUT5. Nuclear run-on assays revealed that fructose, but not glucose, increased the transcription of SI, LPH and GLUT5. DNase I footprinting analysis of the rat LPH gene showed that the protected region conserved the same sequence as the cis-element (CE-LPH1) reported in the pig LPH gene. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay using CE-LPH1 and the related cis-element of SI gene (SIF1) revealed that nuclear extracts from the jejunum of rats fed the high-starch diet gave greater density of retarded bands than those of rats fed the low-starch diet. Force feeding a fructose diet gave rise to an increase in the binding of the dimeric nuclear protein (Cdx-2) to the SIF1 element. These results suggest that the cis-elements of CE-LPH1 and SIF1 might be involved in the carbohydrate-induced increases of the transcription of LPH and SI, presumably through a change in the expression and/or binding activity of Cdx-2.[1]


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