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MeSH Review

Enteral Nutrition

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Disease relevance of Enteral Nutrition


Psychiatry related information on Enteral Nutrition


High impact information on Enteral Nutrition

  • The results indicate that lactose should be reduced or eliminated from tube-feeding diets to improve patient tolerance and comfort and to reduce diarrhea [10].
  • Vagotomy and administration of antagonists for CCK and nicotinic receptors significantly blunted the inhibitory effect of high-fat enteral nutrition on hemorrhagic shock-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 release (P < 0.05) [11].
  • Management strategies for the prevention of intestinal failure-induced liver disease include early enteral feeding, a multidisciplinary approach to the management of parenteral nutrition, and aseptic catheter techniques to reduce sepsis [12].
  • The most striking finding was in the level of agreement between the centers, particularly with regard to use of tacrolimus for maintenance immunosuppression, methylprednisone boluses for treatment of acute rejection, early postoperative enteral feeding, and ganciclovir prophylaxis [13].
  • Larger studies are needed to investigate whether glutamine-supplemented enteral nutrition reduces mortality [3].

Chemical compound and disease context of Enteral Nutrition


Biological context of Enteral Nutrition


Anatomical context of Enteral Nutrition


Associations of Enteral Nutrition with chemical compounds


Gene context of Enteral Nutrition

  • Lastly, Pept-1 seems to play important roles in nutritional and pharmacological therapies; for example, it has allowed the use of oligopeptides as a source of nitrogen for enteral feeding and the use of oral route for delivery of peptidomimetic drugs such as beta-lactam antibiotics [33].
  • In this study, we further explore the molecular mechanism for ethanol-induced ADH expression during the UEC pulse in adult male rats fed ethanol by total enteral nutrition for 21-30 days [34].
  • Use of fibronectin and somatomedin-C as nutritional markers in the enteral nutrition support of traumatized patients [35].
  • Enteral nutrition however, produced a reduction in lymphokine-secreting cells equivalent to cyclosporin and produced the best histological and clinical improvement [36].
  • Enteral nutrition decreased jejunal LPH and MGA mRNA abundance and activity and increased ileal ApN, ApA, and DPP IV activities relative to TPN (p < 0.05) [37].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Enteral Nutrition


  1. Insulin therapy in burn patients does not contribute to hepatic triglyceride production. Aarsland, A., Chinkes, D.L., Sakurai, Y., Nguyen, T.T., Herndon, D.N., Wolfe, R.R. J. Clin. Invest. (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. Comparison of enteral nutrition and drug treatment in active Crohn's disease. Results of the European Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study. IV. Lochs, H., Steinhardt, H.J., Klaus-Wentz, B., Zeitz, M., Vogelsang, H., Sommer, H., Fleig, W.E., Bauer, P., Schirrmeister, J., Malchow, H. Gastroenterology (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Randomised trial of glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition on infectious morbidity in patients with multiple trauma. Houdijk, A.P., Rijnsburger, E.R., Jansen, J., Wesdorp, R.I., Weiss, J.K., McCamish, M.A., Teerlink, T., Meuwissen, S.G., Haarman, H.J., Thijs, L.G., van Leeuwen, P.A. Lancet (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. Postoperative enteral versus parenteral nutrition in malnourished patients with gastrointestinal cancer: a randomised multicentre trial. Bozzetti, F., Braga, M., Gianotti, L., Gavazzi, C., Mariani, L. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in patients with multiple trauma. Mitchell, I., Bihari, D. Lancet (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Skeletal muscle disorders associated with selenium deficiency in humans. Chariot, P., Bignani, O. Muscle Nerve (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Quality of life of patients receiving home parenteral or enteral nutrition support. Malone, M. PharmacoEconomics. (1994) [Pubmed]
  8. Nutritional support: pharmacists' influence on the prescribing process. McDermott, L.A., Albrecht, J.T., Good, D.H. Topics in hospital pharmacy management / Aspen Systems Corporation. (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. Studies on early enteral nutrition for patients with gastric cancer from the view of immunity. Tanabe, H. Nippon geka hokan. Archiv für japanische Chirurgie. (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Relative lactose intolerance. A clinical study of tube-fed patients. Walike, B.C., Walike, J.W. JAMA (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. Nutritional stimulation of cholecystokinin receptors inhibits inflammation via the vagus nerve. Luyer, M.D., Greve, J.W., Hadfoune, M., Jacobs, J.A., Dejong, C.H., Buurman, W.A. J. Exp. Med. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Intestinal failure-associated liver disease: what do we know today? Kelly, D.A. Gastroenterology (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. Optimal management of the post-intestinal transplant patient. Horslen, S.P. Gastroenterology (2006) [Pubmed]
  14. Lysine kinetics in preterm infants: the importance of enteral feeding. van der Schoor, S.R., Reeds, P.J., Stellaard, F., Wattimena, J.D., Sauer, P.J., Büller, H.A., van Goudoever, J.B. Gut (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. Energy expenditure and body composition in children with Crohn's disease: effect of enteral nutrition and treatment with prednisolone. Azcue, M., Rashid, M., Griffiths, A., Pencharz, P.B. Gut (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Enteral administration of high-fat nutrition before and directly after hemorrhagic shock reduces endotoxemia and bacterial translocation. Luyer, M.D., Jacobs, J.A., Vreugdenhil, A.C., Hadfoune, M., Dejong, C.H., Buurman, W.A., Greve, J.W. Ann. Surg. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Enteral nutrition as primary therapy in Crohn's disease. Fernández-Bañares, F., Cabré, E., González-Huix, F., Gassull, M.A. Gut (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Erythromycin and early enteral nutrition in mechanically ventilated patients. Reignier, J., Bensaid, S., Perrin-Gachadoat, D., Burdin, M., Boiteau, R., Tenaillon, A. Crit. Care Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Energy expenditure and caloric balance after burn: increased feeding leads to fat rather than lean mass accretion. Hart, D.W., Wolf, S.E., Herndon, D.N., Chinkes, D.L., Lal, S.O., Obeng, M.K., Beauford, R.B., Mlcak RT, R.P. Ann. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. The effect of continuous enteral feeding on cholic acid kinetics in a child. Heubi, J.E., Farrell, M.K., Partin, J.C. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1981) [Pubmed]
  21. Peroxidation of lipid emulsions: a hazard for the premature infant receiving parenteral nutrition? Pitkänen, O.M. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  22. Effects of enteral feeding on the oral bioavailability of moxifloxacin in healthy volunteers. Burkhardt, O., Stass, H., Thuss, U., Borner, K., Welte, T. Clinical pharmacokinetics. (2005) [Pubmed]
  23. Suppressive effect of inflammation and other forms of stress on the binding of prolactin by rat liver. Goodman, A.D., Hoekstra, S., Monahan, J.W. Endocrinology (1985) [Pubmed]
  24. Effects of enteral nutrition and ethanol on cytochrome P450 distribution in small intestine of male rats. Hakkak, R., Ronis, M.J., Badger, T.M. Gastroenterology (1993) [Pubmed]
  25. Influence of hyperalimentation on rat hepatic microsomal fluidity and function. Knodell, R.G., Whitmer, D.I., Holman, R.T. Gastroenterology (1990) [Pubmed]
  26. Elevated intestinal disaccharidase activity in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat is independent of enteral feeding. Schedl, H.P., Al-Jurf, A.S., Wilson, H.D. Diabetes (1983) [Pubmed]
  27. Enteral nutrition during multimodality therapy in upper gastrointestinal cancer patients. Daly, J.M., Weintraub, F.N., Shou, J., Rosato, E.F., Lucia, M. Ann. Surg. (1995) [Pubmed]
  28. Effect of medium chain triglycerides (MCT) on jejunal mucosa mass and protein synthesis. Schwartz, S., Farriol, M., Garcia-Arumi, E., Andreu, A.L., López Hellín, J., Arbós, M.A. Gut (1994) [Pubmed]
  29. The effect of continuous enteral nutrition on gastric acidity in humans. Armstrong, D., Castiglione, F., Emde, C., Cilluffo, T., Duroux, P., Koerfer, J., Temler, E., Lamers, C.B., Jansens, J.B., Blum, A.L. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  30. Variation of initial serum bilirubin rise in newborn infants with type of illness. Benaron, D.A., Bowen, F.W. Lancet (1991) [Pubmed]
  31. Alteration of methotrexate toxicity in rats by manipulation of dietary components. McAnena, O.J., Harvey, L.P., Bonau, R.A., Daly, J.M. Gastroenterology (1987) [Pubmed]
  32. Tumor necrosis factor alpha-producing cells in the intestinal mucosa of children with inflammatory bowel disease. Breese, E.J., Michie, C.A., Nicholls, S.W., Murch, S.H., Williams, C.B., Domizio, P., Walker-Smith, J.A., MacDonald, T.T. Gastroenterology (1994) [Pubmed]
  33. The oligopeptide transporter (Pept-1) in human intestine: biology and function. Adibi, S.A. Gastroenterology (1997) [Pubmed]
  34. Post-transcriptional regulation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 by ethanol induces class I alcohol dehydrogenase in rat liver. He, L., Simmen, F.A., Ronis, M.J., Badger, T.M. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Use of fibronectin and somatomedin-C as nutritional markers in the enteral nutrition support of traumatized patients. Buonpane, E.A., Brown, R.O., Boucher, B.A., Fabian, T.C., Luther, R.W. Crit. Care Med. (1989) [Pubmed]
  36. The effect of treatment on lymphokine-secreting cells in the intestinal mucosa of children with Crohn's disease. Breese, E.J., Michie, C.A., Nicholls, S.W., Williams, C.B., Domizio, P., Walker-Smith, J.A., MacDonald, T.T. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. (1995) [Pubmed]
  37. Glucagon-like peptide 2 enhances maltase-glucoamylase and sucrase-isomaltase gene expression and activity in parenterally fed premature neonatal piglets. Petersen, Y.M., Elnif, J., Schmidt, M., Sangild, P.T. Pediatr. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  38. Comparison of enteral feeding and total parenteral nutrition after liver transplantation. Wicks, C., Somasundaram, S., Bjarnason, I., Menzies, I.S., Routley, D., Potter, D., Tan, K.C., Williams, R. Lancet (1994) [Pubmed]
  39. A comparison of the effect of universal use of gloves and gowns with that of glove use alone on acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in a medical intensive care unit. Slaughter, S., Hayden, M.K., Nathan, C., Hu, T.C., Rice, T., Van Voorhis, J., Matushek, M., Franklin, C., Weinstein, R.A. Ann. Intern. Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  40. The effect of parenteral and enteral nutrition on portal and systemic immunoreactivities of gastrin, glucagon and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). Gimmon, Z., Murphy, R.F., Chen, M.H., Nachbauer, C.A., Fischer, J.E., Joffe, S.N. Ann. Surg. (1982) [Pubmed]
  41. Early enteral feeding, compared with parenteral, reduces postoperative septic complications. The results of a meta-analysis. Moore, F.A., Feliciano, D.V., Andrassy, R.J., McArdle, A.H., Booth, F.V., Morgenstein-Wagner, T.B., Kellum, J.M., Welling, R.E., Moore, E.E. Ann. Surg. (1992) [Pubmed]
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