The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The matricellular protein SPARC/osteonectin as a newly identified factor up-regulated in obesity.

Alterations in the expression level of genes may contribute to the development and pathophysiology of obesity. To find genes differentially expressed in adipose tissue during obesity, we performed suppression subtractive hybridization on epididymal fat mRNA from goldthioglucose (GTG) obese mice and from their lean littermates. We identified the secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), a protein that mediates cell-matrix interactions and plays a role in modulation of cell adhesion, differentiation, and angiogenesis. SPARC mRNA expression in adipose tissue was markedly increased (between 3- and 6-fold) in three different models of obesity, i.e. GTG mice, ob/ob mice, and AKR mice, after 6 weeks of a high fat diet. Immunoblotting of adipocyte extracts revealed a similar increase in protein level. Using a SPARC-specific ELISA, we demonstrated that SPARC is secreted by isolated adipocytes. We found that insulin administration to mice increased SPARC mRNA in the adipose tissue. Food deprivation had no effect on SPARC expression, but after high fat refeeding SPARC mRNA levels were significantly increased. Our results reveal both hormonal and nutritional regulation of SPARC expression in the adipocyte, and importantly, its alteration in obesity. Finally, we show that purified SPARC increased mRNA levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) in cultured rat adipose tissue suggesting that elevated adipocyte expression of SPARC might contribute to the abnormal expression of PAI-1 observed in obesity. We propose that SPARC is a newly identified autocrine/paracrine factor that could affect key functions in adipose tissue physiology and pathology.[1]


  1. The matricellular protein SPARC/osteonectin as a newly identified factor up-regulated in obesity. Tartare-Deckert, S., Chavey, C., Monthouel, M.N., Gautier, N., Van Obberghen, E. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities