The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitric oxide reduces energy supply by direct action on the respiratory chain in isolated cardiomyocytes.

To investigate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on cardiac energy metabolism, isolated cardiomyocytes of Wistar rats were incubated in an Oxystat system at a constant ambient PO2 (25 mmHg) and oxygen consumption (VO2); free intracellular Ca(2+) (fura 2), free cytosolic adenosine [S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) method], and mitochondrial NADH (autofluorescence) were measured after application of the NO donor morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1). In Na(+)-free medium (contracting cardiomyocytes), VO2 increased from 7.9 +/- 1.2 to 26.4 +/- 3.1 nmol x min(-1) x mg protein(-1). SIN-1 (100 micromol/l) decreased VO2 in contracting (-21 +/- 3%) and in quiescent cells (-24 +/- 7%) by the same extent. Inhibition of VO2 was dose dependent (EC(50): 10(-7) mol/l). S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine, another NO donor, also inhibited VO2, whereas SIN-1C (100 micromol/l), the degradation product of SIN-1, displayed no inhibitory effect. Intracellular Ca(2+) remained unchanged, and inhibition of protein kinases G, A, or C did not antagonize the effect of NO. Mitochondrial NADH increased with NO, indicating a reduced flux through the respiratory chain. In quiescent but not in contracting cardiomyocytes, NO significantly increased adenosine, indicating a reduced energy status. These data suggest the following. 1) NO decreases cardiac respiration, most likely via direct inhibition of the respiratory chain. 2) Whereas in quiescent cardiomyocytes the inhibition of aerobic ATP formation by NO causes reduction in energy status, contracting cells are able to compensate for the NO-induced inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation, maintaining energy status constant.[1]


  1. Nitric oxide reduces energy supply by direct action on the respiratory chain in isolated cardiomyocytes. Stumpe, T., Decking, U.K., Schrader, J. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities