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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Analysis of Skp1 glycosylation and nuclear enrichment in Dictyostelium.

Skp1 is a subunit of SCF-E3 ubiquitin ligases and other protein complexes in the nucleus and cytoplasm of yeast and mammalian cells. In Dictyostelium, Skp1 is partially modified by an unusual pentasaccharide O-linked to hydroxyproline143. This modification was found to be susceptible to known prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors based on M(r)-shift analysis using SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis/Western blotting. In addition, Dictyostelium Skp1 consists of 2 genetic isoforms, Skp1A and Skp1B, which differ by a single amino acid and appear to be expressed throughout the life cycle based on reverse-transcription polymerase chain reactions. The significance of these structural variations was examined by expressing myc-tagged Skp1s and mutants that lacked the glycosylation site. Gel-based M(r)-shift studies showed that Skp1A and Skp1B are both nearly completely glycosylated during growth and early development, and mass spectrometry of glycopeptides showed that they were glycosylated similarly. Skp1 expressed later in prespore cells was not glycosylated, unlike bulk Skp1 persisting from earlier in development, but became glycosylated after return to growth medium. Skp1A and Skp1B were each concentrated in the nucleus and regions of the cytoplasm, based on immunofluorescence localization. However, when Skp1 glycosylation was blocked by mutation, prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors, or expression in prespore cells, nuclear concentration of Skp1 was not detected. Furthermore, nuclear concentration occurred in a mutant that attached only the core disaccharide to Skp1. Overall, there was no evidence for differential Skp1 isoform expression, glycosylation variants in the bulk Skp1 pool, or regulation of nuclear localization. However, these studies uncovered evidence that the glycosylation pathway is developmentally regulated and can function posttranslationally, and that core glycosylation is required for Skp1's nuclear concentration.[1]


  1. Analysis of Skp1 glycosylation and nuclear enrichment in Dictyostelium. Sassi, S., Sweetinburgh, M., Erogul, J., Zhang, P., Teng-Umnuay, P., West, C.M. Glycobiology (2001) [Pubmed]
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