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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Runt-related gene 2 in endothelial cells: inducible expression and specific regulation of cell migration and invasion.

Understanding the regulation of endothelial cell (EC) gene expression has important implications for angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis. The transcription factor runt-related gene 2 (RUNX2)/core binding factoralpha-1/ acute myeloid leukemia 3/polyoma enhancer-binding protein 2alphaA/ osteoblast-specific transcription factor 2 regulates osteoblast differentiation, increases lymphomagenesis in transgenic mice, and is expressed in murine ECs. Here, we report on RUNX2 expression in human bone marrow EC (HBME-1) and its role in EC differentiation. Expression of RUNX2 occurred in HBME-1 cultured on extracellular matrix ( ECM) substrates that stimulate in vitro differentiation (tube formation). Neutralizing anti-insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I-receptor antibody inhibited tube formation as well as activation of RUNX2 expression in HBME-1 cultured on ECM. IGF-I treatment also increased both RUNX2 mRNA and protein expression. HBME-1 transfectants expressing dominant-negative (DN) RUNX were established to address the role of RUNX2 in these processes. HBME/DN cells exhibited reduced tube formation activity relative to control transfectants and less ability to growth arrest and differentiate on ECM. DNRUNX expression also inhibited HBME-1 migration and invasion, which are necessary for tube formation. The urokinase-type plasminogen activator and membrane-type MMP-1 genes were consistently down-regulated in DNRUNX transfectants. The results suggest that RUNX2 is important in IGF-I and ECM-regulated EC migration and differentiation. RUNX2 effects on HBME-1 migration and invasion may occur through activation of protease expression, events that regulate angiogenesis, and tumor growth.[1]


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