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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Allelic analysis of serous ovarian carcinoma reveals two putative tumor suppressor loci at 18q22-q23 distal to SMAD4, SMAD2, and DCC.

The distal half of chromosome arm 18q is frequently lost in ovarian carcinoma. To define the putative tumor suppressor locus/loci more precisely we performed allelic analysis with 27 polymorphic microsatellite markers located at 18q12.3-q23 in 64 serous and 9 mucinous ovarian carcinomas. Fifty-nine percent of the serous carcinomas, but only one (11%) of mucinous carcinomas, showed allelic loss at one or more loci (P = 0.018). In serous carcinomas, deletions were found to be associated with tumor grade and poor survival. The highest frequency of losses was detected at the distal part, 18q22-q23. Two minimal common regions of loss (MCRL) were identified at this region: MCRL1 between D18S465 and D18S61 at 18q22 (3.9 cM) and MCRL2 between D18S462 and D18S70 at 18q23 (5.8 cM). At 18q21.1, proximal to the MCRLs, there are three candidate tumor suppressor genes: SMAD4 (DPC4), SMAD2, and DCC. Their protein expression was studied by immunohistochemistry in normal ovarian tissue and serous carcinomas. Lost or very weak expression of SMAD4, SMAD2 and DCC was found in 28, 28, and 30% of serous carcinomas, respectively. Comparison of allelic loss and protein expression status indicated that none of these genes alone could be the target for the frequent allelic loss at 18q21. 1. Together, these genes may account for a substantial proportion of the events, but not all of them. Thus, we propose that the frequent allelic loss at 18q is because of the effect of multiple genes, and there is at least one as yet unidentified tumor suppressor gene at 18q residing distal to SMAD4, SMAD2, and DCC involved in serous ovarian carcinoma.[1]


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