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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-2 receptor beta subunit-dependent and -independent regulation of intestinal epithelial tight junctions.

Interleukin (IL)-15 is able to regulate tight junction formation in intestinal epithelial cells. However, the mechanisms that regulate the intestinal barrier function in response to IL-15 and the involved subunits of the IL-15 ligand-receptor system are unknown. We determined the IL-2Rbeta subunit and IL-15-dependent regulation of tight junction-associated proteins in the human intestinal epithelial cell line T-84. The IL-2Rbeta subunit was expressed and induced signal transduction in caveolin enriched rafts in intestinal epithelial cells. IL-15-mediated tightening of intestinal epithelial monolayers correlated with the enhanced recruitment of tight junction proteins into Triton X-100-insoluble protein fractions. IL-15-mediated up-regulation of ZO-1 and ZO-2 expression was independent of the IL-2Rbeta subunit, whereas the phosphorylation of occludin and enhanced membrane association of claudin-1 and claudin-2 by IL-15 required the presence of the IL-2Rbeta subunit. Recruitment of claudins and hyperphosphorylated occludin into tight junctions resulted in a more marked induction of tight junction formation in intestinal epithelial cells than the up-regulation of ZO-1 and ZO-2 by itself. The regulation of the intestinal epithelial barrier function by IL-15 involves IL-2Rbeta-dependent and -independent signaling pathways leading to the recruitment of claudins, hyperphosphorylated occludin, ZO-1, and ZO-2 into the tight junctional protein complex.[1]


  1. Interleukin-2 receptor beta subunit-dependent and -independent regulation of intestinal epithelial tight junctions. Nishiyama, R., Sakaguchi, T., Kinugasa, T., Gu, X., MacDermott, R.P., Podolsky, D.K., Reinecker, H.C. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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