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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Somatostatin receptor (SSTR) expression and function in normal and leukaemic T-cells. Evidence for selective effects on adhesion to extracellular matrix components via SSTR2 and/or 3.

We have examined normal T-cells and T-cell lines with respect to expression of various somatostatin receptor subtypes (SSTR1--5) using RT-PCR and PCR. To evaluate the function of these receptors we have further studied the effects of subtype specific signalling on T-cell adhesion using somatostatin analogs specific for various receptors as probes. Human T-lymphocytes showed SSTR expression related to activation and stage of differentiation. Normal T-cells (peripheral blood, T-cell clone) and T-leukaemia cell lines expressed SSTR2, SSTR3 and SSTR4. Normal T-cells expressed SSTR1 and SSTR5 while T-leukaemia lines did not. SSTR5 was selectively expressed in activated normal T-cells. T-lymphocytes produced no somatostatin themselves. Somatostatin and somatostatin analogs specific for SSTR2 and/or SSTR3 enhanced adhesion of T-cells to fibronectin ( FN), and to a certain extent, also to collagen type IV (CIV) and laminin (LAM). T-lymphocytes express multiple SSTR and somatostatin may therefore regulate lymphocyte functions via distinct receptor subtypes as shown here for adhesion to extracellular matrix components ( ECM) via SSTR2 and SSTR3. SSTR expression also distinguishes normal and leukaemic T-cells. Our findings suggest that SSTR subtypes may be useful targets for therapy during inflammatory diseases and malignancies affecting lymphocytes.[1]


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