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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular and biochemical characterization of a CNP-sensitive guanylyl cyclase in bovine tracheal smooth muscle.

Muscarinic activation of bovine tracheal smooth muscle (BTSM) is involved in cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production mediated through soluble (sGC) and membrane-bound (mGC) guanylyl cyclases. A muscarinic- and NaCl-sensitive mGC exists in BTSM regulated by muscarinic receptors coupled to G proteins. To identify the mGCs expressed in BTSM, reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from total RNA was performed using degenerate oligonucleotides for amplification of a region conserved among GC catalytic domains. Cloning of amplification products revealed that 76% of all BTSM GC transcripts corresponded to the sGC beta1 subunit and 24% to the B-type (C-type NP 1-22 [CNP]-sensitive) GC receptor. cGMP production by BTSM membrane and soluble fractions confirmed that sGC activity is 3-fold with respect to mGC activity. RT-PCR using specific oligonucleotides revealed that A (atrial NP-sensitive) and C (guanylin-sensitive) mGC subtypes are also expressed in BTSM. Stimulation of basal plasma membrane GC activity by CNP was higher than that by ANP, whereas guanylin showed no effect, indicating that CNP-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (GC-B) is the predominant functional BTSM mGC subtype. Strong adenosine triphosphate inhibition of CNP-stimulated mGC activity supports the finding that the tracheal mGC isoform belongs to the natriuretic peptide-sensitive mGCs. Additionally, CNP was able to reverse the chloride inhibition of BTSM mGC activity, suggesting that this is a novel G protein-coupled GC-B receptor.[1]


  1. Molecular and biochemical characterization of a CNP-sensitive guanylyl cyclase in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. Borges, A., de Villarroel, S.S., Winand, N.J., de Bécemberg, I.L., Alfonzo, M.J., de Alfonzo, R.G. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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