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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ultraviolet irradiation increases matrix metalloproteinase-8 protein in human skin in vivo.

Humans express three distinct collagenases, MMP-1, MMP-8, and MMP-13, that initiate degradation of fibrillar type I collagen. We have previously reported that ultraviolet irradiation causes increased expression of MMP-1, but not MMP-13, in keratinocytes and fibroblasts in human skin in vivo. We report here that ultraviolet irradiation increases expression of MMP-8 in human skin in vivo. Western analysis revealed that levels of the full-length, 85 kDa proenzyme form of MMP-8 increased significantly within 8 h post ultraviolet irradiation (2 minimal erythema doses). Increased full-length MMP-8 protein was associated with infiltration into the skin of neutrophils, which are the major cell type that expresses MMP-8. Immunofluorescence revealed coexpression of MMP-8 and neutrophil elastase, a marker for neutrophils. Immunohistology demonstrated MMP-8 expression in neutrophils in the papillary dermis between 4 and 8 h post ultraviolet irradiation, and in the epidermis at 24 h post radiation. MMP-8 mRNA expression was not detected in nonirradiated or ultraviolet-irradiated human skin, indicating that increased MMP-8 following ultraviolet irradiation resulted from preexisting MMP-8 protein in infiltrating neutrophils. Pretreatment of skin with the glucocorticoid clobetasol, but not all-trans retinoic acid, significantly blocked ultraviolet-induced increases in MMP-8 protein levels, and neutrophil infiltration. In contrast, all-trans retinoic acid and clobetasol were equally effective in blocking ultraviolet induction of MMP-1 and degradation of collagen in human skin in vivo. Taken together, these data demonstrate that ultraviolet irradiation increases MMP-8 protein, which exists predominantly in a latent form within neutrophils, in human skin in vivo. Although ultraviolet irradiation induces both MMP-1 and MMP-8, ultraviolet-induced collagen degradation is initiated primarily by MMP-1, with little, if any, contribution by MMP-8.[1]


  1. Ultraviolet irradiation increases matrix metalloproteinase-8 protein in human skin in vivo. Fisher, G.J., Choi, H.C., Bata-Csorgo, Z., Shao, Y., Datta, S., Wang, Z.Q., Kang, S., Voorhees, J.J. J. Invest. Dermatol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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