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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Urodynamic effects induced by intravesical capsaicin in rats and hamsters.

This study compared the effect of acute intravesical capsaicin administration on transvesical cystometries in urethane-anesthetized rats and hamsters, and aimed to assess whether sensory neuropeptides (tachykinins; calcitonin gene-related peptide, CGRP) play a role in the urodynamic effects of capsaicin in these species. The following urodynamic parameters were evaluated: the mean micturition interval (MI), the pressure threshold for micturition (PT), and the mean amplitude of micturition contractions (MAC). Two concentrations of capsaicin (10 and 100 microM) were evaluated in both species. Here, we demonstrate that 10-microM capsaicin decreased the PT in both rats and hamsters, and 100-microM capsaicin decreased the PT in hamsters and decreased the MI in both species. In addition, 100-microM capsaicin increased the MAC in rats but decreased the MAC in hamsters. Administration of CGRP (10 nmol kg(-1) , i.v.) significantly decreased both MAC and PT in hamsters only, while capsaicin-induced desensitization of neuropeptide-containing afferents antagonized the urodynamic effects of intravesical capsaicin. In addition, administration of the tachykinin NK2 receptor antagonist, Nepadutant (100 nmol kg(-1), i.v.), reduced the effects of capsaicin (100 microM) only in rats. These results indicate that capsaicin induces bladder hyperactivity in both rats and hamsters, but the urodynamic characteristics of this hyperactivity markedly differ in these two species. The differences observed may be due to differential expression of sensory neuropeptides in capsaicin-sensitive bladder afferents or neuropeptide receptors in smooth muscle cells and in nerve fibers.[1]


  1. Urodynamic effects induced by intravesical capsaicin in rats and hamsters. Lecci, A., Carini, F., Tramontana, M., Birder, L.A., de Groat, W.C., Santicioli, P., Giuliani, S., Maggi, C.A. Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical. (2001) [Pubmed]
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