The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Positive selection of mutations leading to loss or reduction of transcriptional activity of PrfA, the central regulator of Listeria monocytogenes virulence.

Transcription factor PrfA controls the expression of virulence genes essential for Listeria monocytogenes pathogenesis. To gain insight into the structure-function relationship of PrfA, we devised a positive-selection system to isolate mutations reducing or abolishing transcriptional activity. The system is based on the observation that the listerial iap gene, encoding the p60 protein, is lethal if overexpressed in Bacillus subtilis. A plasmid in which the iap gene is placed under the control of the PrfA-dependent hly promoter was constructed and introduced into B. subtilis. This strain was rapidly killed when expression of iap was induced by introduction of a second plasmid carrying prfA. Two classes of B. subtilis survivor mutants were identified: one carried mutations in iap, and the second carried mutations in prfA. Sequence analysis of the defective prfA genes identified mutations in three regions of the PrfA protein: region A, between amino acids 58 and 67 in the beta-roll domain of PrfA; region B, between amino acids 169 and 193, which corresponds to the DNA-binding helix-turn-helix motif; and region C, comprising the 38 C-terminal amino acids of PrfA, which form a leucine zipper-like structure. PrfA proteins with mutations in regions B and C were unable to bind to the PrfA-binding site in the target DNA, while mutations in region A resulted in a protein still binding the target DNA but unable to form a stable complex with RNA polymerase and initiate transcription in vitro.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities