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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester and epidermal growth factor on the development of caustic esophageal stricture in rats.

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:An experimental study was performed to modify the healing response in caustic esophageal burns to prevent stricture development. Two different agents with different modes of actions, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and epidermal growth factor ( EGF), were studied. CAPE has antiinflammatory, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, and antimitotic properties. EGF has known properties in supporting wound healing and in protecting esophagus from injuries. METHODS: The model described by Gehanno and its modification by Liu was used to create standard esophageal burns with 50% NaOH. The study was performed with 76 rats in 4 main groups (sham, CAPE, EGF, and control) and 2 subgroups in each for 5 and 28 days of observation. Efficacy of treatment was assessed in 28-day subgroups by measuring weight gain, contrast esophagograms on day 27, histologic evaluation by measuring stenosis index (wall thickness/lumen diameter), and collagen deposition, and biochemically by determining tissue hydroxy proline (OHP) content. RESULTS: In the end of the study, increase rates of mean body weights of the animals in the 28-day subgroups were as follows: sham, 30%; CAPE, 23%; EGF, 22%; and control, 14%. Although all the animals in subgroups significantly gained weight, the mean weight gain was significantly low in controls when compared with sham, CAPE, and EGF groups (P <.05). Contrast esophagograms on day 27 showed no stenosis in the sham, mild stenosis in CAPE and EGF, and severe stenosis with proximal dilatation in controls. Stenosis indices of the subgroups were as follows: sham, 0.29; CAPE, 0.41; EGF, 0.41; control, 0.84. Index was significantly higher in controls (P <.05). Collagen accumulation scores in the esophageal wall were as follows: Sham, 0.0; CAPE, 0.87; EGF, 0.30; control, 2.70. Scores also were significantly higher in controls (P <.05). Tissue (OHP) levels were as follows (mg/g dry tissue): Sham, 1.48; CAPE, 1.53; EGF, 1.90; control, 4.01. Production of OHP was significantly higher in controls. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the parameters in the study indicate that administration of CAPE and EGF has beneficial effects in the prevention of caustic esophageal strictures. Those effects of CAPE may occur through its antiinflammatory, immunomodulatory, and antioxidant properties, and EGF may occur through its induced proliferative properties on the esophagus.[1]


  1. Effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester and epidermal growth factor on the development of caustic esophageal stricture in rats. Koltuksuz, U., Mutuş, H.M., Kutlu, R., Ozyurt, H., Cetin, S., Karaman, A., Gürbüz, N., Akyol, O., Aydin, N.E. J. Pediatr. Surg. (2001) [Pubmed]
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