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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning and functional analysis of the MutY homolog of Deinococcus radiodurans.

The mutY homolog gene (mutY(Dr)) from Deinococcus radiodurans encodes a 39.4-kDa protein consisting of 363 amino acids that displays 35% identity to the Escherichia coli MutY (MutY(Ec)) protein. Expressed MutY(Dr) is able to complement E. coli mutY mutants but not mutM mutants to reduce the mutation frequency. The glycosylase and binding activities of MutY(Dr) with an A/G-containing substrate are more sensitive to high salt and EDTA concentrations than the activities with an A/7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (GO)-containing substrate are. Like the MutY(Ec) protein, purified recombinant MutY(Dr) expressed in E. coli has adenine glycosylase activity with A/G, A/C, and A/GO mismatches and weak guanine glycosylase activity with a G/GO mismatch. However, MutY(Dr) exhibits limited apurinic/apyrimidinic lyase activity and can form only weak covalent protein-DNA complexes in the presence of sodium borohydride. This may be due to an arginine residue that is present in MutY(Dr) at the position corresponding to the position of MutY(Ec) Lys142, which forms the Schiff base with DNA. The kinetic parameters of MutY(Dr) are similar to those of MutY(Ec). Although MutY(Dr) has similar substrate specificity and a binding preference for an A/GO mismatch over an A/G mismatch, as MutY(Ec) does, the binding affinities for both mismatches are slightly lower for MutY(Dr) than for MutY(Ec). Thus, MutY(Dr) can protect the cell from GO mutational effects caused by ionizing radiation and oxidative stress.[1]


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