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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of whole blood cholinesterase in different animal species using specific substrates.

Whole blood cholinesterase was measured using acetyl-, butyryl- and propionylthiocholine as substrates in 10 healthy adult dogs, cats, horses, pigs, goats, sheep and cows, in order to determine and characterise the cholinesterase activity in whole blood of the main domestic animals. An in vitro exposure test with two anticholinesterase compounds, the organophosphate insecticide coumaphos and the carbamate insecticide imidocarb, was also performed. In whole blood of ruminants and pigs, acetylthiocholine yielded the highest cholinesterase activity and other substrates were poorly hydrolysed; in dogs and cats, although acetylthiocholine showed the highest cholinesterase activity, butyryl- and propionylthiocholine also produced high cholinesterase values; in horses, propionylthiocholine was the substrate that yielded the highest cholinesterase activity, closely followed by butyrylthiocholine. All within- and between-run coefficients of variation observed in whole blood samples were less than 5 and 7 per cent, respectively, except when butyrylthiocholine was used as substrate in ruminant blood samples. Butyryl- and propionylthiocholine were the substrates that yielded higher inhibitions after coumaphos exposure, whereas the use of acetylthiocholine showed the highest cholinesterase inhibition after imidocarb exposure. The use of at least two substrates (acetyl and butyrylthiocholine) is recommended for whole blood cholinesterase analyses in domestic animals since it will allow monitoring of both acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase activities, respectively, and a more accurate detection of exposure to anticholinesterase compounds. However, acetylthiocholine could be used as a unique substrate for whole blood cholinesterase determination in porcine and ruminant samples since butyrylcholinesterase activity is very low in these species. Additionally, propionylthiocholine could be used as an alternative substrate to butyrylthiocholine in horse whole blood samples.[1]


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