The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TNF-alpha enhances intracellular glucocorticoid availability.

For understanding the mechanism(s) relating inflammation to corticosteroid action, the effect of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2), the enzyme regulating access of 11beta-hydroxycorticosteroids to receptors, was studied in LLC-PK(1) cells. We observed (i) NAD-dependent enzyme activity and mRNA for 11beta-HSD2, but not 11beta-HSD1, (ii) increasing 11beta-HSD2 activity with increasing degree of differentiation and (iii) a concentration-dependent down-regulation by TNF-alpha, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or glucose of activity and mRNA of 11beta-HSD2. The decrease of activity and mRNA by glucose and PMA, but not that by TNF-alpha, was abrogated by the protein kinase C inhibitor GF-109203X. The effect of TNF-alpha on 11beta-HSD2 was reversed by inhibiting the mitogen- activated protein kinases ERK with PD-098050 and p38 by SB-202190, or by activating protein kinase A with forskolin. Overexpression of MEK1, an ERK activator, down-regulated the 11beta-HSD2 activity. In conclusion, TNF-alpha decreases 11beta-HSD2 activity and thereby enhances glucocorticoid access to glucocorticoid receptors to modulate the inflammatory response.[1]


  1. TNF-alpha enhances intracellular glucocorticoid availability. Heiniger, C.D., Rochat, M.K., Frey, F.J., Frey, B.M. FEBS Lett. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities