The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of the Axin and Frat binding region of glycogen synthase kinase-3.

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a key component of several signaling pathways including those regulated by Wnt and insulin ligands. Specificity in GSK-3 signaling is thought to involve interactions with scaffold proteins that localize GSK-3 regulators and substrates. This report shows that GSK-3 forms a low affinity homodimer that is disrupted by binding to Axin and Frat. Based on the crystal structure of GSK-3, we have used surface-scanning mutagenesis to identify residues that differentially affect GSK-3 interactions. Mutations that disrupt Frat and Axin cluster at the dimer interface explaining their effect on homodimer formation. Loss of the Axin binding site blocks the ability of dominant negative GSK-3 to cause axis duplication in Xenopus embryos. The Axin binding site is conserved within all GSK-3 proteins, and its loss affects both cell motility and gene expression in the nonmetazoan, Dictyostelium. Surprisingly, we find no genetic interaction between a non-Axin-binding GSK-3 mutant and T-cell factor activity, arguing that Axin interactions alone cannot explain the regulation of T-cell factor-mediated gene expression.[1]


  1. Identification of the Axin and Frat binding region of glycogen synthase kinase-3. Fraser, E., Young, N., Dajani, R., Franca-Koh, J., Ryves, J., Williams, R.S., Yeo, M., Webster, M.T., Richardson, C., Smalley, M.J., Pearl, L.H., Harwood, A., Dale, T.C. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities