The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fas ligand engagement of resident peritoneal macrophages in vivo induces apoptosis and the production of neutrophil chemotactic factors.

Fas ligand (FasL) is a potent proapoptotic type-II transmembrane protein that can cause cell death in Fas+ target populations. Despite the presumed "silent" nature of apoptotic cell death, forced expression of FasL can induce a dramatic inflammatory response. To elucidate the in vivo mechanism(s) linking FasL and inflammation, we used a membrane-bound cell-free form of FasL (mFasL-vesicle preparation (VP)). We found that i.p. injection of FasL-microvesicles led to the rapid activation and subsequent demise of Mac1(high) resident peritoneal macrophages. Apoptosis of Mac1(high) peritoneal macrophages was observed within 0.5 h of mFasL-VP injection and correlated with the detection of increased macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 levels in peritoneal lavage fluid as well as induced RNA expression of IL-1beta, MIP-2, MIP-1alpha, and MIP-1beta. In vitro culture of purified peritoneal populations identified Mac1(high) cells as the major cytokine/chemokine producers in response to mFasL-VP. Purified Mac1(high) cells exposed to FasL could restore the ability of Fas-deficient mice to mount an inflammatory response. Our data demonstrate that the FasL-mediated inflammatory response starts with the production of proinflammatory mediators by preapoptotic resident tissue macrophages and suggest a general mechanism responsible for neutrophil inflammation seen in cases of FasL-expressing allografts.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities