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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A dominant negative mutation of neuronal connexin 36 that blocks intercellular permeability.

Rat connexin 36 ( Cx36) was mutated by substituting serine for cysteine at residue 231 (C231S) and the mutant's effect on the subcellular localization of wild-type Cx36 and the intercellular permeability that it confers was determined in human HeLa and rat PC12 cells. Cells transfected with the mutant or wild-type Cx36 cDNA expressed the expected 36 kDa protein and Cx36 immunoreactivity. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments with monkey COS-7 cells transiently transfected with both mutant and wild-type Cx36 cDNAs demonstrated that the mutant protein bound to the wild-type. Double immunofluorescence microscopy of stably transfected HeLa cells demonstrated that mutant Cx36 blocked the transport of the wild-type Cx36 to the cell membrane, primarily by trapping it in the endoplasmic reticulum around the nucleus. Coexpression of the mutant Cx36 with the wild-type protein abolished the ability of the latter to permit dye transfer in both HeLa and PC12 cells. The findings are the first demonstration of a mutation of Cx36 that inhibits wild-type Cx36 function in mammalian cells.[1]


  1. A dominant negative mutation of neuronal connexin 36 that blocks intercellular permeability. Placantonakis, D., Cicirata, F., Welsh, J.P. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
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