The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity, expression and cellular localization in human placenta at term.

The activity, expression and localization of the UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) were investigated in human placenta at term. UGT activity (measured with the substrate 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU)) was observed in all 25 placentas sampled and maximum velocity (V(max)) ranged 13-fold from 5.1+/-0.9 to 66.9+/-17.5 nmol/min/mg protein (mean+/-SD). Substrate affinity (K(m)) ranged 5-fold from 246+/-24 to 1124+/-422 microM. Using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), expression of the isoforms UGT2B4, 2B7, 2B10, 2B11 and 2B15 was observed in all (12/12) placentas sampled and expression of UGT2B17 was noted in 8/12 placentas. Northern analysis of the UGT2B7 isoform in 12 placentas revealed a 10-fold difference in expression with RT-PCR variability and the 13-fold variation observed in UGT activity. The presence of UGT2B4 and 2B7 proteins (52 and 56kDa, respectively) was demonstrated by Western blotting. The sites of placental UGT2B transcription (in situ hybridization) and protein expression (immunohistochemistry) were located in the syncytium of the placental trophoblasts bordering the placental villi. UGT1A proteins could not be observed with immunohistochemistry or Western blotting and expression could not be observed with RT-PCR. Our discovery of UGT expression and activity at the site of maternal-fetal exchange is consistent with a role for UGTs in detoxification of exogenous and endogenous ligands and the maintenance of placental function through clearance and regulation of steroid hormones.[1]


  1. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity, expression and cellular localization in human placenta at term. Collier, A.C., Ganley, N.A., Tingle, M.D., Blumenstein, M., Marvin, K.W., Paxton, J.W., Mitchell, M.D., Keelan, J.A. Biochem. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities