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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Calpeptin suppresses tumor necrosis factor-alpha- induced death and accumulation of p53 in L929 mouse sarcoma cells.

The cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha induces caspase-dependent cell death in a subset of tumor cells. In this report, we show a novel suppressive effect of calpeptin, a calpain inhibitor, on TNFalpha- induced cell death and accumulation of p53 in L929 mouse fibrosarcoma. Exposure to 10 ng/ml TNFalpha induced cell death in >50% of L929 cells within 12 h and stimulated accumulation of p53 (8-fold). Preincubation of cells with calpeptin blocked both TNFalpha- induced cell death and accumulation of p53 as examined with Western blot. TNFalpha- induced accumulation of p53 was in part contributed by increase of p53 mRNA level (2.2-fold) in a calpeptin-insensitive manner. Interestingly, other calpain inhibitors tested did not show these effects like calpeptin and TNFalpha treatment did not increase apparent calpain activity in L929 cells, suggesting that calpeptin may have another function besides targeting calpain. Expression of dominant negative mutant p53Val(135) reduced the incidence of TNFalpha-mediated cell death. Taken together, our findings suggest that TNFalpha induces calpeptin-dependent, but calpain-independent accumulation of p53 protein as a necessary step leading to death in L929 cells.[1]


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