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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protective effect of Platycodi radix on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity.

The protective effects of a Platycodi radix (Changkil: CK), the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC (Campanulaceae) on carbon tetrachloride (CC14)-induced hepatotoxicity and the possible mechanisms involved in this protection were investigated in mice. Pretreatment with CK prior to the administration of CC14 significantly prevented the increased serum enzymatic activities of alanine and aspartate aminotransferase in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, pretreatment with CK also significantly prevented the elevation of hepatic malondialdehyde formation and the depletion of reduced glutathione content in the liver of CC14-intoxicated mice. However, hepatic reduced glutathione levels and glutathione S-transferase activities were not affected by treatment with CK alone. CC14-induced hepatotoxicity was also essentially prevented, as indicated by a liver histopathologic study. The effects of CK on the cytochrome P450 (P450) 2E1, the major isozyme involved in CC14 bioactivation were also investigated. Treatment of mice with CK resulted in a significant decrease of P450 2E1-dependent p-nitrophenol and aniline hydroxylation in a dose-dependent manner. CK showed antioxidant effects in FeCl2-ascorbate-induced lipid peroxidation in mice liver homogenate and in superoxide radical scavenging activity. Our results suggest that the protective effects of CK against CC14-induced hepatotoxicity possibly involve mechanisms related to its ability to block P450-mediated CC14 bioactivation and free radical scavenging effects.[1]


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