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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Progressive cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction in atrial natriuretic peptide receptor (GC-A) deficient mice.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate how permanent inhibition of guanylyl cyclase A receptor (GC-A) affects cardiac function. METHODS: Hearts of GC-A-/- and corresponding wild type mice (GC-A+/+) were characterised by histological, western blotting, and northern blotting analyses. Cardiac function was evaluated in isolated, working heart preparations. RESULTS: At 4 months of age, GC-A-/- mice had global cardiac hypertrophy (about a 40% increase in cardiac weight) without interstitial fibrosis. Examination of heart function found a significant delay in the time of relaxation; all other parameters of cardiac contractility were similar to those in wild type mice. At 12 months, the hypertrophic changes were much more severe (about a 61% increase in cardiac weight), together with a shift in cardiac gene expression (enhanced concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (3.8-fold), B type natriuretic peptide (2-fold), beta myosin heavy chain (1.6-fold) and alpha skeletal actin (1.7-fold) mRNA), increased expression of cytoskeletal tubulin and desmin (by 29.6% and 25.6%, respectively), and pronounced interstitial fibrosis. These changes were associated with significantly impaired cardiac contractility (+dP/dt decreased by about 10%) and relaxation (-dP/dt decreased by 21%), as well as depressed contractile responses to pressure load (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic hypertension in GC-A-/- mice is associated with progressive cardiac changes--namely, initially compensated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, which is complicated by interstitial fibrosis and impaired cardiac contractility at later stages.[1]


  1. Progressive cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction in atrial natriuretic peptide receptor (GC-A) deficient mice. Kuhn, M., Holtwick, R., Baba, H.A., Perriard, J.C., Schmitz, W., Ehler, E. Heart (2002) [Pubmed]
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