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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Trans-10, cis-12, but not cis-9, trans-11 CLA isomer, inhibits brown adipocyte thermogenic capacity.

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is reported to have health benefits, including reduction of body fat. Previous studies have shown that brown adipose tissue (BAT) is particularly sensitive to CLA-supplemented diet feeding. Most of them use mixtures containing several CLA isomers, mainly cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 in equal concentration. Our aim was to characterize the separate effects of both CLA isomers on thermogenic capacity in cultured brown adipocytes. The CLA isomers showed opposite effects. Hence, on the one hand, trans-10, cis-12 inhibited uncoupling protein (UCP) 1 induction by norepinephrine (NE) and produced a decrease in leptin mRNA levels. These effects were associated with a blockage of CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein-alpha and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma(2) mRNA expression. On the other hand, cis-9, trans-11 enhanced the UCP1 elicited by NE, an effect reported earlier for polyunsaturated fatty acids and also observed here for linoleic acid. These findings could explain, at least in part, the effects observed in vivo when feeding a CLA mixture supplemented diet as a result of the combined action of CLA isomers (reduction of adipogenesis and defective BAT thermogenesis that could be through trans-10, cis-12 and enhanced UCP1 thermogenic capacity through cis-9, trans-11).[1]


  1. Trans-10, cis-12, but not cis-9, trans-11 CLA isomer, inhibits brown adipocyte thermogenic capacity. Rodríguez, E., Ribot, J., Palou, A. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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