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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of Reverb(alpha) as a novel ROR(alpha) target gene.

The nuclear receptor superfamily comprises a large number of ligand-activated transcription factors that are involved in numerous biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and homeostasis. ROR(alpha) (NR1F1) and Reverb(alpha) (NR1D1) are two members of this family whose biological functions are largely unknown. In addition, no ligand has been yet identified for these two receptors; therefore, they are referred as orphan receptors. Here, we show that ROR(alpha) and Reverb(alpha) are expressed with a similar tissue distribution and are both induced during the differentiation of rat L6 myoblastic cells. Ectopic expression of ROR(alpha)1 in L6 cells significantly induces Reverb(alpha) expression as demonstrated by Northern blot analysis. Using reverse transcription-PCR to analyze Reverb(alpha) gene expression from staggerer mice, we found that there was a significant reduction of Reverb(alpha) mRNA in the skeletal muscle comparing it with the wild-type mice, which suggests that ROR(alpha) is involved in the regulation of Reverb(alpha) gene expression. Transient transfection assays using the Reverb(alpha) promoter demonstrate that ROR(alpha) regulates the Reverb(alpha) gene at the transcriptional level. Furthermore, mutagenesis experiments indicate that ROR(alpha) regulates Reverb(alpha) transcription via a monomeric ROR response element located in the Reverb(alpha) gene promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays show that ROR(alpha) binds strongly to this site in a specific-manner. Finally, overexpression of GRIP-1/TIF-2, but not SRC-1, potentiates ROR(alpha)-stimulated Reverb(alpha) promoter activity in transient transfection experiments. Together, our results identify Reverb(alpha) as a novel target gene for ROR(alpha).[1]


  1. Identification of Reverb(alpha) as a novel ROR(alpha) target gene. Delerive, P., Chin, W.W., Suen, C.S. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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