The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reversal of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance by 5,6,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (Sinensetin).

Multidrug resistance ( MDR) cells can be sensitized to anticancer drugs when treated concomitantly with chemosensitizers. In this study, chemosensitizing effects of 5,6,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (sinensetin) and its analogs were investigated with respect to in vitro efficacy and structure-activity relationship. Sinensetin reversed the resistance of P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-overexpressing AML-2/D100 to vincristine in a concentration-dependent manner. Chemosensitizing effect of sinensetin was 10- and 18-fold higher than those of 5,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone and 3,7-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyflavone, respectively. Sinensetin cytotoxicity in AML-2/D100 was not changed by the complete inhibition of Pgp, suggesting that it is not a substrate for Pgp. Flow cytometry showed that sinensetin increased drug accumulation in the AML-2/D100 in a concentration-dependent manner. Unlike verapamil and cyclosporin A, the maximum non-cytotoxic concentrations of sinensetin were found to decrease the Pgp levels. Azidopine-binding assay showed that cyclosporin A or verapamil inhibited azidopine binding on Pgp partially but sinensetin did not. Taken together, these results suggest that sinensetin has a chemosensitizing effect in reversing Pgp-mediated MDR by increasing the intracellular accumulation of drugs without competition in a binding site of azidopine. Thus, sinensetin is anticipated as a novel and highly potent second-generation flavonoid chemosensitizer, since sinensetin has significant advantages of having a high therapeutic index, of being a non-transportable inhibitor, and of effecting no induction of Pgp.[1]


  1. Reversal of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance by 5,6,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (Sinensetin). Choi, C.H., Sun, K.H., An, C.S., Yoo, J.C., Hahm, K.S., Lee, I.H., Sohng, J.K., Kim, Y.C. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities