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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sensitization of IFN-gamma Jak-STAT signaling during macrophage activation.

A general paradigm in signal transduction is ligand-induced feedback inhibition and the desensitization of signaling. We found that subthreshold concentrations of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), which did not activate macrophages, increased their sensitivity to subsequent IFN-gamma stimulation; this resulted in increased signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) activation and increased IFN-gamma#150;dependent gene activation. Sensitization of IFN-gamma signaling was mediated by the induction of STAT1 expression by low doses of IFN-gamma that did not effectively induce feedback inhibition. IFN-gamma signaling was sensitized in vivo after IFN-gamma injection, and STAT1 expression was increased after injection of lipopolysaccharide and in rheumatoid arthritis synovial cells. These results identify a mechanism that sensitizes macrophages to low concentrations of IFN-gamma and regulates IFN-gamma responses in acute and chronic inflammation.[1]


  1. Sensitization of IFN-gamma Jak-STAT signaling during macrophage activation. Hu, X., Herrero, C., Li, W.P., Antoniv, T.T., Falck-Pedersen, E., Koch, A.E., Woods, J.M., Haines, G.K., Ivashkiv, L.B. Nat. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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