The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Paraquat-generated oxidative stress in rat liver induces heme oxygenase-1 and aminolevulinic acid synthase.

The in vivo effect of the known herbicide, paraquat, on both hepatic oxidative stress and heme metabolism was studied. A marked increase in lipid peroxidation and a decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH) content were observed 1 h after paraquat administration. The activity of liver antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase was decreased 3 h after paraquat injection. Heme oxygenase-1 induction started 9 h after treatment, peaking at 15 h. delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase induction occurred once heme oxygenase had been enhanced, reaching its maximum (1.5-fold of control) at 16 h. delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase activity was 40% inhibited at 3 h showing a profile similar to that of GSH, while porphobilinogenase activity was not modified along the whole period of the assay. Administration of alpha-tocopherol (35 mmol/kg body weight) 2 h before paraquat treatment entirely prevented the increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content, the decrease in GSH levels as well as heme oxygenase-1 and delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase induction. This study shows that oxidative stress produced by paraquat leads to an increase in delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase and heme oxygenase-1 activities, indicating that the herbicide affects both heme biosynthesis and degradation.[1]


  1. Paraquat-generated oxidative stress in rat liver induces heme oxygenase-1 and aminolevulinic acid synthase. Noriega, G.O., Gonzales, S., Tomaro, M.L., Batlle, A.M. Free Radic. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities