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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of functional hypoxia response elements in the promoter region of the DEC1 and DEC2 genes.

Adaptation to hypoxia is a crucial process both physiologically (i.e. in chondrocytes) and pathologically (i.e. in tumor cells). Previous studies have shown that DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, is induced by hypoxia in glioma cells (Ivanova, A. V., Ivanov, S. V., Danilkovitch-Miagkova, A., and Lerman, M. I. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 15306-15315). In the present study, we found that hypoxia or CoCl(2) enhanced the mRNA expression of DEC2, as well as DEC1, within 24 h in chondrogenic ATDC5, 293T, and HeLa cells. In luciferase assays, the regions between -524 and -401 in the DEC1 promoter, and between -863 and -258 in the DEC2 promoter, were responsible for the hypoxia- or hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha)-induced transcription. In these regions, we identified functional hypoxia response elements (HREs) that bound to HIF-1alpha and HIF-1beta. In addition to an HIF-1 binding site consensus sequence, the DEC1 HRE had cAMP response element-like and CACAG sequences, which were also involved in the transcription activation in response to HIF-1alpha. Although the DEC2 HRE did not have a cAMP response element-like or CACAG sequence, it showed a higher affinity for HIF-1 than did the DEC1 HRE. Because DEC1 and DEC2 are directly inducible by HIF-1, these transcription factors may be crucial for the adaptation to hypoxia.[1]


  1. Identification of functional hypoxia response elements in the promoter region of the DEC1 and DEC2 genes. Miyazaki, K., Kawamoto, T., Tanimoto, K., Nishiyama, M., Honda, H., Kato, Y. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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