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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Targeted inactivation of the neurotensin type 1 receptor reveals its role in body temperature control and feeding behavior but not in analgesia.

Three subtypes of neurotensin receptor have been described, two members of the heptahelical transmembrane domain G protein- coupled receptor superfamily NT-1R and NT-2R, and NT-3R unrelated to this family. We have generated NT-1R deficient (NT-1R(-/-)) mice. NT-1R(-/-) mice were born at the expected Mendelian frequency without obvious abnormalities and they were fertile. The NT- induced analgesia on the writhing induced by phenyl-p-benzoquinone administration remained at wild-type levels in the NT-1R(-/-) mice demonstrating that the NT-1R is not implicated in the analgesic effect of NT in this test. The NT-1R(-/-) mice were hyperthermic; their body temperature was not affected by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of NT, contrasting with the hypothermia induced in NT-1R(+/+) mice. NT-1R(-/-) mice showed a small significant increase in body weight compared to the NT-1R(+/+) congeners as early as 10 weeks after birth, correlated with a higher food intake. NT-1R(-/-) mice showed similar spontaneous locomotion to the control littermates, but did not respond to i.c.v. NT-induced hypolocomotion. I.c.v. injection of NT inhibited feeding in fasted wild-type mice, but had no effect on feeding of the NT-1R(-/-) mice. I.c.v. administration of the orexigenic neuropeptide Y ( NPY) stimulated feeding to the same extent in both wild-type and NT-1R(-/-) mice. This analysis of NT-1R-deficient mice shows that the NT-1R does not play a role in NT-induced analgesia, but that it is clearly implicated in thermal and feeding regulation, weight control, and NT-induced hypolocomotion.[1]


  1. Targeted inactivation of the neurotensin type 1 receptor reveals its role in body temperature control and feeding behavior but not in analgesia. Remaury, A., Vita, N., Gendreau, S., Jung, M., Arnone, M., Poncelet, M., Culouscou, J.M., Le Fur, G., Soubrié, P., Caput, D., Shire, D., Kopf, M., Ferrara, P. Brain Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
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