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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TNF-alpha - induced endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression is cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase dependent.

It is strongly suspected that cytokine-induced gene expression in inflammation is oxidant mediated; however, the intracellular sources of signaling oxidants remain controversial. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, trigger gene expression of endothelial adhesion molecules including mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1). MAdCAM-1 plays an essential role in gut inflammation by governing the infiltration of leukocytes into the intestine. Several groups suggest that endothelial-derived reduced NADP ( NADPH) oxidase produces signaling oxidants that control the expression of adhesion molecules (E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1). In addition to NADPH oxidase, cytochrome P-450 ( CYP450) monooxygenases have also been shown to trigger cytokine responses. We found that in high endothelial venular cells (SVEC4-10), multiple inhibitors of CYP450 monooxygenases (SKF-525a, ketoconazole, troleandomycin, itraconazole) attenuated TNF-alpha induction of MAdCAM-1, whereas NADPH oxidase inhibition (PR-39) did not. Conversely, E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 induction requires both NADPH oxidase and CYP450-derived oxidants. We show here that MAdCAM-1 induction may depend exclusively on CYP450-derived oxidants, suggesting that CYP450 blockers might represent a possible novel therapeutic treatment for human IBD.[1]


  1. TNF-alpha -induced endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression is cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase dependent. Sasaki, M., Ostanin, D., Elrod, J.W., Oshima, T., Jordan, P., Itoh, M., Joh, T., Minagar, A., Alexander, J.S. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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