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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate and calcium induce CD152 (CTLA-4) up-regulation in resting CD4+ T lymphocytes.

The CTLA-4 (CD152) molecule is up-regulated upon T cell activation and proliferation, and plays a critical role in the inhibition of immune responses. We show in this study that cAMP induces up-regulation of CD152 in human CD4(+) T lymphocytes. This effect occurs in the absence of the up-regulation of CD69 and CD25 activation markers and T cell proliferation. In addition, we found that the Ca(2+) ionophore ionomycin also up-regulates CD152, and that the combination of a cAMP analog or cAMP inducers with ionomycin further enhances the expression of CD152 in resting CD4(+) T lymphocytes. However, cyclosporin A, which inhibits Ca(2+)/calcineurin signaling pathway, fully prevented the ionomycin- but not the cAMP-induced up-regulation of CD152. The effects of cAMP and ionomycin involve increase of both CD152 mRNA transcripts, coding for the membrane and the soluble forms of CD152. Furthermore, we show that CD152 molecules are translocated to the membrane and are functional, as their engagement by specific mAbs prevented NF-kappaB activation by anti-CD3/CD28 stimulation. These findings demonstrate that at least two novel signal pathways regulate CTLA-4 gene expression and CD152 molecule up-regulation in human CD4(+) T lymphocytes, in the absence of full T cell activation.[1]


  1. Cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate and calcium induce CD152 (CTLA-4) up-regulation in resting CD4+ T lymphocytes. Vendetti, S., Riccomi, A., Sacchi, A., Gatta, L., Pioli, C., De Magistris, M.T. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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