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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidative burst in lipopolysaccharide-activated human alveolar macrophages is inhibited by interleukin-9.

Interleukin (IL)-9 is known to regulate many cell types involved in T-helper type 2 responses classically associated with asthma, including B- and T-lymphocytes, mast cells, eosinophils and epithelial cells. In contrast, target cells mediating the effects of IL-9 in the lower respiratory tract remain to be identified. Therefore, the authors evaluated the activity of IL-9 on human alveolar macrophages (AM) from healthy volunteers. AM preincubated with IL-9 before lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation exhibited a decreased oxidative burst, as previously shown with IL-4. The inhibitory effect of IL-9 was abolished by anti-hIL-9R alpha monoclonal antibody, and presence of IL-9 receptors on AM was demonstrated by immunofluorescence. Both IL-4 and IL-9 failed to modulate tumour necrosis factor-alpha, IL-8 and IL-10 release by LPS-stimulated AM. However, several observations suggested that IL-9 and IL-4 act through different mechanisms: 1) interferon-gamma antagonised the IL4- but not the IL-9-mediated inhibition of AM oxidative burst; 2) expression of CD14 was downregulated by IL-4 but not by IL-9 and 3) production of tumour growth factor-beta by activated AM was potentiated by IL-9 and not by IL4, and was required for the IL-9-mediated inhibition of AM oxidative burst. These observations provide additional information concerning the activity of interleukin-9 in the lung, related to inflammatory or fibrosing lung processes.[1]


  1. Oxidative burst in lipopolysaccharide-activated human alveolar macrophages is inhibited by interleukin-9. Pilette, C., Ouadrhiri, Y., Van Snick, J., Renauld, J.C., Staquet, P., Vaerman, J.P., Sibille, Y. Eur. Respir. J. (2002) [Pubmed]
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