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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structure of the mammalian CoA transferase from pig heart.

Ketoacidosis affects patients who are deficient in the enzyme activity of succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid CoA transferase (SCOT), since SCOT catalyses the activation of acetoacetate in the metabolism of ketone bodies. Thus far, structure/function analysis of the mammalian enzyme has been predicted based on the three-dimensional structure of a CoA transferase determined from an anaerobic bacterium that utilizes its enzyme for glutamate fermentation. To better interpret clinical data, we have determined the structure of a mammalian CoA transferase from pig heart by X-ray crystallography to 2.5 A resolution. Instrumental to the structure determination were selenomethionine substitution and the use of argon during purification and crystallization. Although pig heart SCOT adopts an alpha/beta protein fold, resembling the overall fold of the bacterial CoA transferase, several loops near the active site of pig heart SCOT follow different paths than the corresponding loops in the bacterial enzyme, accounting for differences in substrate specificities. Two missense mutations found associated with SCOT of ketoacidosis patients were mapped to a location in the structure that might disrupt the stabilization of the amino-terminal strand and thereby interfere with the proper folding of the protein into a functional enzyme.[1]


  1. Structure of the mammalian CoA transferase from pig heart. Bateman, K.S., Brownie, E.R., Wolodko, W.T., Fraser, M.E. Biochemistry (2002) [Pubmed]
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