The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

E-Tmod capping of actin filaments at the slow-growing end is required to establish mouse embryonic circulation.

Tropomodulins are a family of proteins that cap the slow-growing end of actin filaments. Erythrocyte tropomodulin (E-Tmod) stabilizes short actin protofilaments in erythrocytes and caps longer sarcomeric actin filaments in striated muscles. We report the knockin of the beta-galactosidase gene (LacZ) under the control of the endogenous E-Tmod promoter and the knockout of E-Tmod in mouse embryonic stem cells. E-Tmod(-/-) embryos die around embryonic day 10 and exhibit a noncontractile heart tube with disorganized myofibrils and underdevelopment of the right ventricle, accumulation of mechanically weakened primitive erythroid cells in the yolk sac, and failure of primary capillary plexuses to remodel into vitelline vessels, all required to establish blood circulation between the yolk sac and the embryo proper. We propose a hemodynamic "plexus channel selection" mechanism as the basis for vitelline vascular remodeling. The defects in cardiac contractility, vitelline circulation, and hematopoiesis reflect an essential role for E-Tmod capping of the actin filaments in both assembly of cardiac sarcomeres and of the membrane skeleton in erythroid cells that is not compensated for by other proteins.[1]


  1. E-Tmod capping of actin filaments at the slow-growing end is required to establish mouse embryonic circulation. Chu, X., Chen, J., Reedy, M.C., Vera, C., Sung, K.L., Sung, L.A. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities