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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

COL11A2 collagen gene transcription is differentially regulated by EWS/ERG sarcoma fusion protein and wild-type ERG.

A specific t(21;22) chromosomal translocation creates the chimeric EWS/ERG gene in some cases of Ewing's sarcoma. In the resultant EWS/ERG fusion protein, the N-terminal part of the ETS family protein ERG is replaced by the N terminus of the RNA-binding protein EWS. We found that both the EWS/ERG and COL11A2 genes are expressed in the Ewing's sarcoma cell line, CADO-ES1. To investigate a potential role for EWS/ERG in COL11A2 gene expression, we characterized the COL11A2 promoter and tested the ability of wild-type ERG and EWS/ERG sarcoma fusion protein to transactivate COL11A2 promoter using a luciferase assay. We found that expression of EWS/ERG, but not wild-type ERG, transactivated the COL11A2 promoter and that this transactivation required not only the N-terminal region of EWS but also an intact DNA-binding domain from ERG. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay using COL11A2 promoter sequence showed involvement of EWS/ERG in the formation of DNA-protein complexes, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed direct interaction between COL11A2 promoter and EWS/ERG fusion protein in vivo. EWS/ERG, but not wild-type ERG, bound to RNA polymerase II. Treatment of cells with the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A enabled ERG to transactivate the COL11A2 promoter, therefore abolishing the differential effects of EWS/ERG and ERG. Taken together, these findings indicate that the COL11A2 gene is regulated both by potential ERG association with a histone deacetylase complex and by direct EWS/ERG recruitment of RNA polymerase II.[1]


  1. COL11A2 collagen gene transcription is differentially regulated by EWS/ERG sarcoma fusion protein and wild-type ERG. Matsui, Y., Chansky, H.A., Barahmand-Pour, F., Zielinska-Kwiatkowska, A., Tsumaki, N., Myoui, A., Yoshikawa, H., Yang, L., Eyre, D.R. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
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