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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selective T-cell ablation with bismuth-213-labeled anti-TCRalphabeta as nonmyeloablative conditioning for allogeneic canine marrow transplantation.

Two major immunologic barriers, the host-versus-graft (HVG) and graft-versus-host (GVH) reactions, have to be overcome for successful allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. T cells were shown to be primarily involved in these barriers in the major histocompatibility complex identical setting. We hypothesized that selective ablation of T cells using radioimmunotherapy together with postgrafting immunosuppression would suffice to ensure stable allogeneic engraftment. We had described a canine model of nonmyeloablative marrow transplantation in which host immune reactions were impaired by a single dose of 200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI), and both GVH and residual HVG reactions were controlled by postgrafting immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and cyclosporine (CSP). Here, we substituted the alpha-emitter bismuth-213 (213Bi) linked to a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against T-cell receptor (TCR) alphabeta, using the metal-binding chelate diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) derivative cyclohexyl-(CHX)-A", for 200 cGy TBI. Biodistribution studies using a gamma-emitting indium-111-labeled anti-TCRalphabeta mAb showed uptake primarily in blood, marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. Four dogs were treated with 0.13 to 0.46 mg/kg TCRalphabeta mAb labeled with 3.7 to 5.6 mCi/kg (137-207 MBq/kg) 213Bi. The treatment was administered in 6 injections on days -3 and -2 followed by transplantation of dog leukocyte antigen-identical marrow on day 0 and postgrafting immunosuppression with MMF/CSP. The therapy was well tolerated except for elevations of transaminases that were transient in all but one of the dogs. No other organ toxicities or signs of graft-versus-host disease were noted. The dogs had prompt allogeneic hematopoietic engraftment and achieved stable mixed donor-host hematopoietic chimerism with donor contributions ranging from 5% to 55% after more than 30 weeks of follow up.[1]


  1. Selective T-cell ablation with bismuth-213-labeled anti-TCRalphabeta as nonmyeloablative conditioning for allogeneic canine marrow transplantation. Bethge, W.A., Wilbur, D.S., Storb, R., Hamlin, D.K., Santos, E.B., Brechbiel, M.W., Fisher, D.R., Sandmaier, B.M. Blood (2003) [Pubmed]
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