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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

GATA-6 is involved in PPARgamma-mediated activation of differentiated phenotype in human vascular smooth muscle cells.

OBJECTIVE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily involved in the growth and differentiation of many cell types. Although the activation of PPARgamma in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) inhibits the growth of these cells, the precise mechanism of this effect is unknown. PPARgamma-mediated growth inhibition of VSMCs is associated with the induction of the differentiated phenotype. A zinc finger transcription factor, GATA-6, has been implicated in the maintenance of the differentiated phenotype in VSMCs. METHODS AND RESULTS: The administration of 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), a naturally occurring PPARgamma ligand, and troglitazone, a thiazolidinedione derivative, induced the expression of smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and smooth muscle alpha-actin, highly specific markers for differentiated VSMCs. Stimulation of proliferative VSMCs with PPARgamma ligands also increased the activity of the transfected wild-type smooth muscle myosin heavy chain promoter but not that of the mutant promoter, in which a GATA-6 binding site was mutated. Compatible with the role of GATA-6, both 15d-PGJ2 and troglitazone upregulated the DNA binding activity of GATA-6 in proliferative VSMCs. CONCLUSIONS: The activation of PPARgamma-dependent pathways induces the differentiated phenotype in proliferative VSMCs, and this induction is mediated, in part, through a GATA-6-dependent transcriptional mechanism.[1]


  1. GATA-6 is involved in PPARgamma-mediated activation of differentiated phenotype in human vascular smooth muscle cells. Abe, M., Hasegawa, K., Wada, H., Morimoto, T., Yanazume, T., Kawamura, T., Hirai, M., Furukawa, Y., Kita, T. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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