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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Multipotentiality of neuronal cells after spontaneous fusion with embryonic stem cells and nuclear reprogramming in vitro.

Primary mouse brain cells were cultured with HPRT (hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase)-deficient ES (embryonic stem) cells to see if the ES cells could provide cues sufficient to reprogram a pluripotential state. After 5 days of coculture, HPRT-deficient ES cells were killed by selection in HAT (hypoxanthine, aminopterin, thymidine) medium. We observed islands of HAT-resistant ES-like cells surrounded by differentiated cells. Cell lines generated from three such "islands" proved to be spontaneous, pluripotential ES-neural hybrids, and gave rise to a chimera following blastocyst injection. Re-expression of the ES-specific gene Foxd3 from somatic-derived chromosomes suggested that the somatic nucleus had been reprogrammed. Our results raise the intriguing possibility that ASCs shown to contribute to multiple tissues in blastocyst-injection studies may not contribute as a result of pluripotency. Instead contributions may arise from spontaneous fusion events in which phenotype is determined by either cytoplasmic dominance, nuclear reprogramming, or both.[1]

References

  1. Multipotentiality of neuronal cells after spontaneous fusion with embryonic stem cells and nuclear reprogramming in vitro. Pells, S., Di Domenico, A.I., Gallagher, E.J., McWhir, J. Cloning Stem Cells (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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