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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparing modified and plain peptide linked enzyme immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) and type-2 (HIV-2) antibodies.

Serological diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) based on detection of HIV antibodies is one of the easiest, cheapest and simplest assay. Synthetic peptides corresponding to immunodominant regions of envelope glycoprotein (gp41, V3 loop for HIV-1 and gp36 for HIV-2) were used in the present study, to detect the anti-HIV antibodies in sera of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), Tuberculosis (TB), Anti-Natal Care (ANC) patients. About 550 serum samples were tested using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique. The human sera positive for antibody to HIV-1 and HIV-2, reacted to different degrees with these peptides when used as a plain peptide with or without CGG motif/biotin motif at the amino terminus. The selected sequences are of Indian strain with 'C' serotype. The results showed a 100% sensitivity and specificity for V3 loop peptide and 98% sensitivity and specificity for gp41 peptide containing CGG moiety while the plain peptides showed similar sensitivities but low specificity's, i.e. 98% for V3 loop peptide and 42% for gp41 peptide when reacted with HIV-1 positive sera. The presence of biotin at the amino terminus did not provide any beneficial effect in increasing the sensitivity although the specificity was enhanced for both the peptide sequences, i.e. gp41 and V3 loop peptide. Furthermore, the gp36 peptide containing CGG moiety detected the HIV-2 sera with 100% sensitivity and 98% specificity while the sensitivity and specificity of gp36 plain peptide was reduced to 98 and 90%. Thus the study overall highlighted the importance of synthetic peptides containing CGG moiety as a capture antigen in detecting both HIV-1 & 2 sera using an indigenously built ELISA system which is simple, cheap, sensitive and cost effective for rural areas.[1]


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