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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Butein suppresses myofibroblastic differentiation of rat hepatic stellate cells in primary culture.

Hepatic stellate cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we investigate the inhibitory effect of butein on the activation and proliferation of rat primary cultured hepatic stellate cells. Possible cytotoxic effects were measured on stellate cells and hepatocytes using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The effects of butein on the production of collagen and smooth muscle alpha-actin proteins were examined at the same concentration, by western blot. The effects of butein on alpha1(I) collagen, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and metalloproteinase-13 gene expression in activated stellate cells were investigated by measuring mRNA levels using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The effect of butein on DNA synthesis was also determined. Butein, at a concentration of 1 microg mL(-1), reduced DNA synthesis without affecting cell viability, and downregulated smooth muscle alpha-actin and type-I collagen expression, and alpha1(I) collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 mRNA expression, while treatment with butein induced metalloproteinase-13 mRNA expression. These findings suggest that butein is a potent inhibitor of stellate cell transformation.[1]


  1. Butein suppresses myofibroblastic differentiation of rat hepatic stellate cells in primary culture. Woo, S.W., Lee, S.H., Kang, H.C., Park, E.J., Zhao, Y.Z., Kim, Y.C., Sohn, D.H. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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