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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

G beta gamma mediates the interplay between tubulin dimers and microtubules in the modulation of Gq signaling.

Agonist stimulation causes tubulin association with the plasma membrane and activation of PLC beta 1 through direct interaction with, and transactivation of, G alpha q. Here we demonstrate that G beta gamma interaction with tubulin down-regulates this signaling pathway. Purified G beta gamma, alone or with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), inhibited carbachol-evoked membrane recruitment of tubulin and G alpha q transactivation by tubulin. Polymerization of microtubules elicited by G beta gamma overrode tubulin translocation to the membrane in response to carbachol stimulation. G beta gamma sequestration of tubulin reduced the inhibition of PLC beta 1 observed at high tubulin concentration. G beta 1 gamma 2 interacted preferentially with tubulin-GDP, whereas G alpha q was transactivated by tubulin-GTP. Prenylation of the gamma 2 polypeptide was required for G beta gamma/ tubulin interaction. Both confocal microscopy and coimmunoprecipitation studies revealed the spatiotemporal pattern of G beta gamma/ tubulin interaction during carbachol stimulation of neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. In resting cells G beta gamma localized predominantly at the cell membrane, whereas tubulin was found in well defined microtubules in the cytosol. Within 2 min of agonist exposure, a subset of tubulin translocated to the plasma membrane and colocalized with G beta. Fifteen min post-carbachol addition, tubulin and G beta colocalized in vesicle-like structures in the cytosol. G beta/ tubulin colocalization increased after pretreatment of cells with the microtubule-depolymerizing agent, colchicine, and was inhibited by taxol. Taxol also inhibited carbachol-induced PIP2 hydrolysis. It is suggested that G beta gamma/ tubulin interaction mediates internalization of membrane- associated tubulin at the offset of PLC beta 1 signaling. Newly cytosolic G beta gamma/ tubulin complexes might promote microtubule polymerization attenuating further tubulin association with the plasma membrane. Thus G protein- coupled receptors might evoke G alpha and G beta gamma to orchestrate regulation of phospholipase signaling by tubulin dimers and control of cell shape by microtubules.[1]


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