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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzyme potentiated desensitisation in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: double blind randomised controlled study.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of enzyme potentiated desensitisation in the treatment of severe summer hay fever poorly controlled by pharmacotherapy. DESIGN: Double blind randomised placebo controlled parallel group study. SETTING: Hospital in Hampshire. PARTICIPANTS: 183 participants aged between 18 and 64 with a history of severe summer hay fever for at least two years; all were skin prick test positive to timothy grass pollen. 90 randomised to active treatment; 93 randomised to placebo. INTERVENTIONS: Active treatment: two injections of enzyme potentiated desensitisation, given between eight and 11 weeks apart, each comprising 200 Fishman units of beta glucuronidase, 50 pg 1,3-cyclohexanediol, 50 ng protamine sulphate, and a mixed inhaled allergen extract (pollen mixes for trees, grasses, and weeds; allergenic fungal spores; cat and dog danders; dust and storage mites) in a total volume of 0.05 ml of buffered saline. Placebo: two injections of 0.05 ml buffered saline solution. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of problem-free days; global rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life scores assessed weekly during pollen season. RESULTS: The active treatment group and the placebo group did not differ in the proportion of problem-free days, quality of life scores, symptom severity scores, change in quantitative skin prick provocation threshold, or change in conjunctival provocation threshold. No clinically significant adverse reactions occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Enzyme potentiated desensitisation showed no treatment effect in this study.[1]


  1. Enzyme potentiated desensitisation in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: double blind randomised controlled study. Radcliffe, M.J., Lewith, G.T., Turner, R.G., Prescott, P., Church, M.K., Holgate, S.T. BMJ (2003) [Pubmed]
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