The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of AP1/NFE2 binding sites in endogenous alpha-globin gene transcription.

High-level alpha-globin expression depends on cis-acting regulatory sequences located far upstream of the alpha-globin cluster. Sequences that contain the alpha-globin positive regulatory element (PRE) activate alpha-globin expression in transgenic mice. The alpha-globin PRE contains a pair of composite binding sites for the transcription factors activating protein 1 and nuclear factor erythroid 2 ( AP1/NFE2). To determine the role of these binding sites in alpha-globin gene transcription, we mutated the AP1/NFE2 sites in the alpha-globin PRE in mice. We replaced the AP1/NFE2 sites with a neomycin resistance gene (neo) that is flanked by LoxP sites (floxed). Mice with this mutation exhibited increased embryonic death and alpha-thalassemia intermedia. Next, we removed the neo gene by Cre-mediated recombination, leaving a single LoxP site in place of the AP1/NFE2 sites. These mice were phenotypically normal. However, alpha-globin expression, measured by allele-specific RNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), was decreased 25%. We examined the role of the hematopoietic-restricted transcription factor p45Nfe2 in activating expression through these sites and found that it is not required. Thus, we have demonstrated that AP1/NFE2 binding sites in the murine alpha-globin PRE contribute to long-range alpha-globin gene activation. The proteins that mediate this effect remain to be determined.[1]


  1. Role of AP1/NFE2 binding sites in endogenous alpha-globin gene transcription. Loyd, M.R., Okamoto, Y., Randall, M.S., Ney, P.A. Blood (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities